Control of the Laws in the ancient democracy at Athens
- Full Title:
- Control of the Laws in the ancient democracy at Athens
- Carawan, Edwin.
- Statement of Responsibility:
- Edwin Carawan
- 308 p.
- The power of the court to overturn a law or decree—called judicial review—is a critical feature of modern democracies. Contemporary American judges, for example, determine...
Summary:The power of the court to overturn a law or decree—called judicial review—is a critical feature of modern democracies. Contemporary American judges, for example, determine what is consistent with the Constitution, though this practice is often criticized for giving unelected officials the power to strike down laws enacted by the people's representatives. This principle was actually developed more than two thousand years ago in the ancient democracy at Athens. In Control of the Laws in the Ancient Democracy at Athens, Edwin Carawan reassesses the accumulated evidence to construct a new model of how Athenians made law in the time of Plato and Aristotle, while examining how the courts controlled that process. Athenian juries, Carawan explains, were manned by many hundreds of ordinary citizens rather than a judicial elite. Nonetheless, in the 1890s, American apologists found vindication for judicial review in the ancient precedent. They believed that Athenian judges decided the fate of laws and decrees legalistically, focusing on fundamental text, because the speeches that survive from antiquity often involve close scrutiny of statutes attributed to lawgivers such as Solon, much as a modern appellate judge might resort to the wording of the Framers. Carawan argues that inscriptions, speeches, and fragments of lost histories make clear that text-based constitutionalism was not so compelling as the ethos of the community.
Carawan explores how the judicial review process changed over time. From the restoration of democracy down to its last decades, the Athenians made significant reforms in their method of legislation, first to expedite a cumbersome process, then to revive the more rigorous safeguards. Jury selection adapted accordingly: the procedure was recast to better represent the polis, and packing the court was thwarted by a complicated lottery. But even as the system evolved, the debate remained much the same: laws and decrees were measured by a standard crafted in the image of the people. Offering a comprehensive account of the ancient origins of an important political institution through philological methods, rhetorical analysis of ancient arguments, and comparisons between models of judicial review in ancient Greece and the modern United States, Control of the Laws in the Ancient Democracy at Athens is an innovative study of ancient Greek law and democracy.
- • Abbreviations and Conventions • Introduction: The People and the Law—Demos and Nomos • Part I. Legislative Procedure and Court Control • Chapter 1. Making...
Contents:• Abbreviations and Conventions • Introduction: The People and the Law—Demos and Nomos • Part I. Legislative Procedure and Court Control • Chapter 1. Making Law and Mending the Constitution • Chapter 2. Judges and Lawmakers • Chapter 3. "Unlawful Acts" (Paranoma) and the Case of the Arginousai Generals • Part II. The Constitutional Window • Chapter 4. Privileged Characters: Aristokrates' Shield for Charidemos • Chapter 5. Outrage: The Case against Androtion • Chapter 6. Overthrowing the Court: The Case against Timokrates' Surety Law • Chapter 7. Breaking the Bargain: The Case against Leptines' Law • Part III. The Crown Case and Its Antecedents • Chapter 8. The Aftermath of Chaironeia • Chapter 9. The Crown Case Comes to Trial • Conclusion: Law's Measure • Notes • Bibliography • Index
- Publisher & Date:
- Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, 2020.
- Date of Publication:
- Johns Hopkins University Press
- GR 28
- 9781421439495 (hbk)
In the Library
|Call Number||Location||Availability||Description||Loan Type|
|GR 28 Car 2020||General collection||On Shelf||-||For regular loan|
In the Library
GR 28 Car 2020