Employing a critical approach to the discipline, Criminal Procedure helps students cultivate their foundational knowledge of the field, better comprehend the role the U.S. Constitution plays in law enforcement, and recognize the historic role that police have played in both social and economic inequalities. The arrangement satisfies the evolution of American criminal procedures by the United States Supreme Court cases that administer communication between both citizens and police officers in the adjudicative process. The textbook is designed to educate students that constitutional guarantees are applicable to the states. Topical coverage is organized according to the numerical constitutional amendments that are specific to criminal procedure: Fourth Amendment—Search and Seizure; Fifth Amendment—Custodial Interrogations; Sixth Amendment—Right to Counsel and Right to Fair Trial; and Eighth Amendment—Cruel and Unusual Punishment and Excessive Bail. Throughout, students learn the ways in which the amendments ultimately affect criminal trials, how the appellate system is structured, how the criminal system operates, and more.